|WINDROCK LLC |
Recognized by the AKC as a
BREEDER OF MERIT
Slender legs reaching, stretching, consuming the ground, then, almost quicker than the eye could see, gathering and stretching again, the Greyhound streaked past, lost in the sheer joy of physical exertion. Faster and faster he went until his need was satisfied, then he slowed and explored his surroundings, ever alert for a foolhardy rabbit that may try its luck against his speed.
A Greyhound in full stride, muscles bulging under thin skin, his attention focused on a prey animal, is a creature of rare beauty. In sharp contrast to this insatiable drive to hunt and to run, a Greyhound in the home is a pet of uncommon sweetness and gentility.
Among the most ancient breeds, the Greyhound can be seen in Egyptian tomb carvings dated back to 2751 BC. These carvings depict the dogs attacking deer, a prey it was well-adapted to hunt.
Although the Greyhound also appears in various Celtic, British, Irish, and Scottish pictures and literature dating from the 9th Century, its slender build, deep chest, and thin skin suggest a warm climate origin for the breed.
The Greyhound developed as a sight hunter in the arid and semi-arid lands of North Africa and the Middle East, and the Arabs selectively bred him for increased speed. His hunting ability locked in his appeal to the aristocracy, for sport hunting was the province only of the upper classes.
Although the breed name "Greyhound" seems to be a reference to color, its origin is not so simple. Some attribute the name to a derivation of Graius or Grecian. Others trace it to the old British grech or greg, meaning dog and hundr, meaning hunting. Still others prefer the simpler explanation -- the original color of the dogs was gray and the name simply means gray dog .
No matter his color or the origin of his name, the Greyhound was definitely an aristocrat in whatever country he resided. Indeed, the English Parliament protected the status of the breed with a law in 1016 that prohibited ownership to "meane persons" and allowed only conditional ownership to "freemen." The value of a Greyhound exceeded that of a serf, and the punishment for causing death of a Greyhound was equivalent to the punishment for murder.
The Greyhound can hunt hoofed game and wild canids, but his specialty is rabbits. The English sport of coursing -- hunting by sight instead of scent -- has roots in ancient Greece, and is a sport valued for the contest more than the catching of the prey. The Greek historian Arrian wrote more than 1800 years ago: "For coursers, such at least as are true sportsmen, do not take their dogs out for the sake of catching a hare, but for the contest and sport of coursing, and are glad if the hare meets with an escape."
The sport of coursing led directly to the spectator sport of Greyhound racing with the invention of the mechanical rabbit in 1912. With the advent of racetracks and gambling on the outcome of the contests, Greyhound ownership passed from the aristocracy to the general populace, and, like other breeds with some lines bred for work and others for the show ring, the breed has diverged into conformation dogs and racing dogs.
Ch Windrock Go Go Gadget JC CC embodies the raw essence of the Greyhound. Greyhounds have been bred for centuries to hunt for Man. Looks like rabbit is on the menu tonight!
Greyhound Tidbits of Information<><>
The Duke's writing portrayed the sleek, muscled and racy Greyhound, admired for its speed for thousands of years. Tombs of Egypt from the Fourth dynasty, between 4000 and 3500 BC, show drawings of dogs similar to Greyhounds and Salukis, making it obvious that dogs of this type were much esteemed during this era. During the ensuing centuries, Greyhounds proved to be in great demand as an item of barter, and spread through the Near East and Europe. They were developed to standard in England, where they became a status symbol.
A Welsh proverb states, "You may know a gentlemen by his horse, his hawk and his greyhound." The source of the Greyhound name is accredited to various plausibilities: from as simple an explanation as the breed's early colors or the Latin word gradus, i.e., swiftness; to the Old English grech or greg meaning dog; or a corruption of "gazehound" or "great hound."
The dog was a favorite of English nobility, who limited ownership by the common folk under the Laws of Canute formulated in 1016: "No mean person may keepe any greyhounds, but freemen may keepe greyhounds so that their knees be cut before the verderors of the forest, and without cutting of their knees also, if he does abide 10 miles from the bounds of the forest." In wide flat expanses, a hunter was handicapped—no brushy forest to conceal the human presence or to hamper the animal as it attempted to bolt. With its powerful eyesight and great speed enabling him to overtake the quarry, the Greyhound proved an invaluable aid. One of them, "Bang" by name, jumped an astounding 30 feet while coursing a hare.
When dogs became more than a means to a full cooking pot, the Greyhound excelled in coursing, and later track racing, hitting a speed of nearly 46 mph, maintaining its reputation as the fastest dog on earth. Only the cheetah and pronghorn antelope tops him for speed in the animal world. His track abilities have given him an advantage over all other breeds. The racing Greyhound is the only recognized dog breed in America not afflicted with the curse of hip dysplasia. Several Greyhounds made their fame and their masters' fortune on the track, some winning as much as $50,000 during their racing peak. The sale of one dog, "Indian Joe," copped the biggest price in dogdom: $72,000.
Despite being orginally bred as one of the most capable hunting machines ever to course game, many devout fanciers feel the Greyhound is second to none as a Companion.
The Greyhound is equally at home as a gentle and mild mannered pet in the house as it is running after prey.
These darling boys are sharing their playmate's bed and toys, and it appears that the Greyhound Spicy is wearing one of the boy's jackets!
Long and narrow, fairly wide between the ears, scarcely perceptible stop, little or no development of nasal sinuses, good length of muzzle, which should be powerful without coarseness. Teeth very strong and even in front.
Small and fine in texture, thrown back and folded, except when excited, when they are semi-pricked.
Eyes Dark, bright, intelligent, indicating spirit.
Long, muscular, without throatiness, slightly arched, and widening gradually into the shoulder.
Placed as obliquely as possible, muscular without being loaded.
Perfectly straight, set well into the shoulders, neither turned in nor out, pasterns strong.
Deep, and as wide as consistent with speed, fairly well-sprung ribs.
Muscular and broad.
Good depth of muscle, well arched, well cut up in the flanks.
Long, very muscular and powerful, wide and well let down, well-bent stifles. Hocks well bent and rather close to ground, wide but straight fore and aft.
Hard and close, rather more hare than catfeet, well knuckled up with good strong claws.
Long, fine and tapering with a slight upward curve.
Short, smooth and firm in texture.
Dogs, 65 to 70 pounds; bitches 60 to 65 pounds.
Scale of Points
|General symmetry and quality|
|Head and neck|
|Chest and shoulders|
|Legs and feet|
The Greyhound is a fleet galloper, aristocratic in demeanor and elegant yet powerful in appearance. Mobility, quality, balance, and athleticism are abundant and unmistakable. One of the oldest breeds, the Greyhound has hunted game from hare to boar to stag all over the globe. Centuries of diversity of game and terrain have resulted in a range of size and style in the breed. The Greyhound maintains a functional balance between extremes of power and beauty: strong, agile, confident, yet never cumbersome, low on leg, plain or common; beautiful, but never frail, weak, nor unsubstantial. All parts should flow smoothly together forming the distinctive but unexaggerated curves and smooth transitions that are the hallmark of the breed. There should be a strong and instant impression of noble bearing.
HEAD - The head is long with a flat skull and moderate width between the ears. Muzzle and jaw are long and well chiseled, but strong enough to grasp prey. The back skull and muzzle approach nearly parallel planes as viewed from the side. The stop is slight, and there is little or no development of nasal sinuses.
Faults: Coarse head, heavy head, Roman head, down faced head, prominent flews, snipey muzzle, lack of underjaw.
TEETH - The teeth are strong, of good size, well aligned, and form a scissors bite (preferred) or a level bite (acceptable.)
Severe Faults: Overshot, undershot, wry mouth.
EARS - The ears are small, fine, and rose-shaped. The ears are normally carried back with the top edge of the ear level with the top of the skull but when alert are lifted and resemble gull wings.
Faults: Low set, high set and close together; flat, heavy ears, prick ears.
EYES - The eyes are almond-shaped, keen, kind, and intelligent. While darker eyes are preferred, dilute coat colors are often associated with lighter eyes, which should be in shades harmonious with the coat color. Both eyes are of the same color. The overall expression is valued more than the detail of eye color. A superior specimen must never be overlooked for a lesser animal on the basis of eye color alone.
Faults: Blue or blue-flecked eye(s). Both eyes not the same color.
NECK - The neck is long and elegantly arched, flowing and widening into the shoulders. The neck must be strong enough to serve as a fulcrum at the gallop and capable of stooping to prey.
Faults: Short, thick, throaty neck; spindly, poorly attached neck.
FOREQUARTERS - The shoulders are as well laid back as is consistent with speed and have good flat muscle without being loaded. The upper arm should be of approximately the same length and angle as the shoulder blade, allowing for a front assembly that has the width necessary for greater muscle attachment. Elbows are well attached, not projecting or loose from the body, nor pinched in but set well under the dog and in line with the top of the withers. Front is filled, showing no hollow between the front legs, but not so filled as to create a prominent fore chest.
Faults: Upright or forward-set front assembly, as neither allow for adequate muscle attachment nor are they properly laid back on the body; lack of front fill, extreme fore chest.
LEGS - Front legs are long, straight and strong and are of good substance, with bladed bone consistent with aerodynamics. Pasterns are of moderate length with slight spring. Elbows, pasterns and feet turn neither in nor out whether standing or moving.
Faults: Round, heavy cumbersome bone; weak, bird-like bone; crooked legs, bowed legs, over at the pastern, weak pasterns.
FEET - Front and rear feet are more hare than cat-like, more oval then round. Well knuckled-up toes, thick pads and strong nails are crucial for good running gear.
Faults: Flat loose feet; too-tight inflexible feet.
BODY - The body must simultaneously convey a look of strength and elegance, power and agility. The back is broad and muscular, with ribs well sprung from the spine. The ribs extend well back on the body and descend to form a modified egg-shaped ribcage if seen in cross section. The depth of chest on an adult reaches the elbow but not below, as extreme depth interferes at the gallop. Chest space comes more from depth and length than from width. The body must be capacious enough for good heart and lung room but never so wide as to resemble a draft animal. There must be a gentle but defined rise over powerful, muscular loins. The underline flows into a tight tuck-up, adding to the "S" curve look of the body. The length of the dog in back or in the loin may vary, as long as the proportions always look strong, purposeful and capable of the double suspension gallop. The entire length of the topline, flowing from the withers onto the back to the loin to the croup must be cohesive, strong and flowing. The distance from withers to elbow is equal to or less than leg length from elbow to ground. The length from sternum to buttocks, in combination with the height of the dog, results in an outline ranging in appearance from square to slightly longer than tall. The Greyhound must always look the part of a fleet hound, neither low and heavy nor frail and up in the air. He must display the gentle curves and distinctive outline (topline and underline) that distinguish him from other breeds.
Faults: Barrel ribs, shallow ribs; narrow or pinched chest. Arch starting too far forward on the body, roached topline, or wheel-backed topline, as each of these interferes with extension at the gallop and transmission of power from the rear to the front; flat topline is atypical. Length of body either too short or too long-coupled for easy, sustained galloping.
HINDQUARTERS - The croup is long and slightly sloping. Thighs should be heavily muscled, matching the well muscled second thigh in length. Stifles are long and well bent. Hock joint is well bent, with hocks straight and well let down. Stifles, hocks and feet point straight ahead. The natural stance puts the hock behind the dog. The rear should give the impression of being capable of propulsion and agility.
Faults: Cowhocks, sickle hocks; rears that are over-angulated, under-angulated or poorly matched to the front assembly.
TAIL - The tail is long, fine and tapering, with a slight upward curve towards the end. The tail should flow smoothly from the croup, and must be strong and flexible, as it is the visible manifestation of the spine and is used for balance at the gallop. The tail is carried low even at the trot. Long tails are often prone to injury and broken tails or missing tips may be viewed as honorable scars.
Faults: Gay tail carried above the back.
COAT - The coat is fine and smooth. Scars are immaterial. Coat color is immaterial. Neither color nor markings should affect judging. Markings may sometimes mislead the eye, requiring hands-on examination of the actual structure beneath the markings.
GAIT - The working gait of the Greyhound is the double suspension gallop. The Greyhound trots in the style of a galloping hound in a light, elastic, low-stepping and open gait with effortless timing and good forward movement. There are no exaggerations or wasted movements either in the front or in the rear. Coming and going is clean and easy, tending towards convergence of the legs as speed increases.
Faults: Hackney action, erratic movement, restricted movement.
TEMPERAMENT - Greyhounds are not often given to public displays and may appear reserved in public. In the ring, showmanship (use of ears, intense baiting) must never be confused with true quality. Quiet excellence must be preferable to flashy mediocrity.
Faults: Shyness or aggression.
SIZE - Since the Greyhound historically hunted prey in scope from hare to wild boar and stag, there is an allowable and understandable variation in size in the breed. The Greyhound must not be mistaken for a Whippet nor a Great Dane but instead always demonstrate his own true type. Whatever the size, bitches are feminine, dogs are masculine and all should display balance, harmony, and quality.
The foregoing describes parameters for the ideal Greyhound. Deviations from this ideal should be penalized according to the extent of the deviation, always keeping in mind the contribution of the feature to the historic, original purpose of the breed. Flaws of a cosmetic nature must be weighed less important than structural faults. Old scars or injuries, the result of work or accident, should not be penalized unless they affect balance or soundness.
Males have two normal-sized testicles descended into the scrotum.
Kim and BIS/SBIS Greystone's Barcelona in the ring at Westminister
Ever wonder about all the titles before and after a dog's name and what they mean? The guide below will help shed some light on the subject. Titles are given to dogs that have earned a certain level of success or ability. WINDROCK aspires to breed greyhounds that are not only successful in the show ring but also on the coursing field, the dogs that obtain Championships in both endeavors are crowned "Dual Champions". Very few (usually less than five greyhounds) earn that rare distinction annually--and most years WINDROCK bred greyhounds are included in that elite company!
|Guide to the title abbreviations|
|Prefixes (before the dog's name)|
|BIF||Best In Field in American Sighthound Field Association event|
|BISS or SBIS||Best In Specialty Show|
|Ch||Show Champion (American Kennel Club = AKC)|
|Can Ch||Canadian Show Champion (Canadian Kennel Club = CKC)|
|FC||Field Champion (AKC)|
|DC||Dual Champion (AKC) |
indicates AKC show and field championship
|Suffixes (after the dog's name)|
|CC||Coursing Champion (National Open Field Coursing Association = NOFCA)|
|CD||Companion Dog (AKC)|
|CDX||Companion Dog Excellent (AKC)|
|CGC||Canine Good Citizen (AKC)|
|GrandFCh||Grand Field Champion (ASFA) [no longer offered]|
|CM||Courser of Merit (NOFCA)|
|FCh or F.Ch||American Sighthound Field Association (ASFA) Field Champion|
|FChX||Field Champion Excellent (usually CKC but this was at one time an ASFA title as well)|
|JC||Junior Courser (AKC)|
|JOR||Junior Oval Racer (NOTRA)|
|GRC||Gazehound Racing Champion (Large Gazehound Racing Association = LGRA)|
|LCM||Lure Courser of Merit (ASFA) |
As points are accumulated, multiple LCM titles may be earned, such as LCM3
|MX||Master Agility Excellent (AKC)|
|NAJ||Novice Agility Jumper (AKC)|
|OA||Open Agility (AKC)|
|OAJ||Open Agility Jumper (AKC)|
|ORC or ORCh||Oval Racing Champion (Canadian Amateur Racing Association = CARA)|
|ORM||Oval Racer of Merit (CARA)|
|RTD||Registered Therapy Dog|
|SC||Senior Courser (AKC)|
|SOR||Senior Oval Racer (NOTRA)|
|SORC||Supreme Oval Racing Champion (NOTRA)|
|SRCh||Straight Racing Champion (CARA)|
|SRM||Straight Racer of Merit (CARA)|
|TD||Tracking dog [scentwork] (AKC)|
|TT||Temperment Tested (American Temperament Testing Society)|
|UD||Utility Dog (AKC)|
|VC||Versatility Certificate (Greyhound Club of America = GCA)|
|VCX||Versatility Certificate Excellent CA)|
Racing Greyhounds are judged by a stop watch. The fastest dog is the best dog. Coursing Greyhounds were judged on a point system determined by the rules of coursing. But Show Greyhounds are judged against a written description of the ideal Greyhound that is called a breed standard. The first dog show was held at Newcastle, England, in June of 1859. It had no class for Greyhounds but in short order Greyhounds started to appear in the show ring.
This is hardly a number that is going to overwhelm the genes of the 2600 show Greyhounds that have won their championships since the start of the AKC. While it is still fairly rare for a racing bred Greyhound to be shown to its Championship, there is an area of showing that has seen an enormous increase in participation by ex-racing Greyhounds, and that is the performance events like obedience and agility competition. The vast majority of obedience title holders are racing bred dogs